Electric Vehicles: Types, Charging, and Costs

Electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming increasingly popular due to tax credits and more charging stations.

EV popularity

There are four types of EVs: BEVs, PHEVs, HEVs, and FCEVs.

Four EV types

Charging speed depends on battery size and type of EV, with three levels of charging.

Charging speed

Level 1 and 2 chargers are commonly used for home, workplace, or public charging.

Level 1 & 2

DCFC is the fastest charging speed and is seen at stations along highway corridors.


The cost of charging an EV varies depending on fuel efficiency and location.

Cost of charging

National average cost of electricity is 10 cents per kWh for residential use.

National average

EVs have a limited range and require more planning for longer trips.

Limited range

The cost of the vehicle itself is often higher, but tax credits can help offset this.

Higher vehicle cost